Abstract: Air transport is a form of transport by aircraft or other aircraft. Because of its outstanding high-speed direct access, it has a special position in the transportation system and has great development potential.
Concept of air transport
Air transportation is a mode of transportation that uses aircraft, helicopters and other aircraft to transport people, goods and mail. With the characteristics of fast and mobility, it is an important way of modern passenger transport, especially long-distance passenger transport; It is indispensable for the transportation of valuables, fresh goods and precision instruments in international trade.
History of Air Transport
Air transport began in 1871. At that time, the French in the Franco Prussian War used balloons to transport government officials, materials, mail, etc. out of Paris, which was besieged by the French army. On May 5, 1918, air transportation appeared for the first time, with the route of New York Washington Chicago. On June 8 of the same year, regular postal flights started between London and Paris. In the 1930s, with the development of civil transport aircraft, various technical performances were continuously improved, and the development of aviation industry promoted the development of air transport. After the end of the Second World War, a worldwide airline network was gradually established, with major cities of various countries as the starting and ending points. In 1990, the total turnover of scheduled flights in the world reached 235.67 billion ton kilometers.
What are the regulations on air transport
The weight of goods is calculated according to gross weight. The unit of calculation is kg. If the weight is less than 1kg, it shall be calculated as 1kg. If the weight is more than 1kg, the mantissa shall be rounded off.
The weight of each piece of cargo loaded by non wide body aircraft generally does not exceed 80 kg, and the volume generally does not exceed 40 * 60 * 100 meters. The weight of each piece of cargo loaded by wide body aircraft generally does not exceed 250 kg. The volume generally does not exceed 250 * 200 * 160 cm. The Northwest Company shall determine whether the goods exceeding the above weight and volume can be collected and transported according to specific conditions.
The sum of the length, width and height of each piece of goods shall not be less than 40 cm
Goods with a volume of more than 6000 cubic centimeters per kilogram shall be counted as light foam goods. Light foam goods shall be measured by converting 6000 cubic centimeters into 1 kilogram.
What procedures should be handled for air transportation
1. The shipper shall fill in and submit the cargo transport bill to the carrier for the consignment of goods, and attach the necessary valid certificates according to the provisions of the national competent department. The shipper shall be responsible for the authenticity and correctness of the contents filled in the transport bill. The contract of carriage of goods by air shall be concluded when the carrier accepts the bill of carriage of goods filled in by the shipper and issues it.
2. The shipper shall fill in the application form for chartered air transport if he requires chartered air transport of goods. After the carrier agrees to accept and sign the charter air transport agreement, the air charter cargo transport contract shall be established. The person signing the agreement shall comply with the provisions of the competent civil aviation authority on chartered air transport.
3. The shipper shall pack the goods in accordance with the packaging standards stipulated by the competent national department; In the absence of uniform packaging standards, the shipper shall pack the goods according to the nature of the goods and the conditions for carrying the aircraft, in accordance with the principle of ensuring transport safety. Where the above packaging requirements are not met, the carrier has the right to refuse to carry the goods that do not meet the specifications.
4. The shipper must indicate the departure station, the arrival station and the units of the shipper and the consignee on the consigned goods. The name and address shall be marked with packaging, storage and transportation indicators in accordance with national regulations.
5. For the goods that must be insured according to the national regulations, the shipper shall cover the cargo transportation insurance at the time of consignment.
6. The shipper shall pay the freight and other fees according to the rate specified by the competent civil aviation authority. Unless otherwise agreed by the shipper and the carrier, the freight and other charges shall be paid in full at the time when the carrier issues the freight bill.
7. The carrier shall send a notice of arrival to the consignee within 24 hours after the goods arrive at the place of arrival. The consignee shall timely pick up the goods at the designated place with the delivery certificate. The goods shall be kept free of charge for three months from the day after the notice of arrival is sent. If the consignee delays in taking delivery, he shall pay the storage fee according to the transportation rules.
8. When the consignee takes delivery of the goods, he/she has no objection to the abandonment of the goods or the weight of the goods, and signs on the goods transport bill, the carrier will be relieved of the responsibility for transportation.
9. If the shipper or consignee claims for compensation due to the negligence or intentional loss of the carrier, the shipper or consignee shall submit the claim to the carrier in writing with relevant supporting documents attached within 180 days after filling in the cargo transport accident record.